Small Intestinal Bacteria Overgrowth.
Do you suffer from bloating, constipation, gas or wind? Would you like to know what causes it? There is a little-known condition called Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO) that is estimated to cause up to 84% of cases of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. So how can you tell if you have it?
2. Abdominal pain and cramps
5. Gas and wind
6. Food intolerances or sensitivities
7. Restless leg syndrome
What is SIBO?
Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO) is caused when normal bacteria enters the small intestine in large numbers, causing havoc.
What causes SIBO?
- Food poisoning
- The contraceptive pill
- Gastrointestinal infection and upset
- Use of antibiotics
- Acid blockers
- Fungus overgrowth
- Surgical interventions and operations to the abdomen
- A dysfunctional ileocecal valve
- Overconsumption of simple carbohydrates
- DiabetesCaesarian birth
- Caesarian birth
- Lack of breast feeding as an infant
What does SIBO do to you?
Instead of allowing the villi and microvilli to absorb nutrients from the food, the bacteria digest it instead, causing it to ferment. A biproduct of the bacteria’s digestion is methane and/or hydrogen gas, which is only produced by the bacteria and not our bodies.
These gases cause bloating, wind, cramping, diarrhoea, burping, constipation and more. It is also believed this gas can cause leaky gut syndrome, where the cell wall of the gut becomes permeable and allows food particles through to the blood stream, which creates an immune response.
The other side effect of SIBO is damage to the villi and microvilli, which results in nutrients not being absorbed. When the bacteria digest your food, it means they’re taking a lot of the nutrients before it makes it to you, which leads to malabsorption of monosaccharides, amino acids, vitamins (especially B12 and folic acid) and minerals (especially magnesium, iron, and calcium).
Some side effects of poor nutrient absorption can include fatigue, hormonal imbalances, and restless leg syndrome.
Unfortunately, SIBO goes largely undiagnosed which can result in years of damage to the small intestine. People may develop intolerances to certain foods like gluten, lactose or fructose as the small intestine becomes less equipped to manage it.
So what can you do about it?
Start cooking SIBO friendly meals
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